Class 8 Chapter 11 Mensuration questions are provided here with detailed solutions which is handy to revise the concepts. Class 8 CBSE Mathematics, chapter 11, exercise 11.4 questions are solved by subject experts using step by step problem solving approach. These NCERT Solutions will help in boosting the confidence level among students. Download free NCERT Solutions and practice offline to score more in your exams.
Access Answers to NCERT Class 8 Maths Chapter 11 Mensuration Exercise 11.4 Page number 191
Exercise 11.1 Solutions : 5 Questions (Long answers)
Exercise 11.2 Solutions : 11 Questions (Long answers)
Exercise 11.3 Solutions : 10 Questions (2 Short answers, 8 Long answers)
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 11 Mensuration Exercise 11.4
1.Given a cylindrical tank, in which situation will you find surface are and in which situation volume.
(a) To find how much it can hold.
(b) Number of cement bags required to plaster it.
(c) To find the number of smaller tanks that can be filled with water from it.
Solution: We find area when a region covered by a boundary, such as outer and inner surface area of a cylinder, a cone, a sphere and surface of wall or floor.
When the amount of space occupied by an object such as water, milk, coffee, tea, etc., then we have to find out volume of the object.
(a) Volume (b) Surface area (c) Volume
2. Diameter of cylinder A is 7 cm and the height is 14 cm. Diameter of cylinder B is 14 cm and height is 7 cm. Without doing any calculations can you suggest whose volume is greater? Verify it by finding the volume of both the cylinders. Check whether the cylinder with greater volume also has greater surface area.
Solution: Yes, we can say that volume of cylinder B is greater, since radius of cylinder B is greater than that of cylinder A.
Find Volume for cylinders A and B
Diameter of cylinder A = 7 cm
Radius of cylinder A = 7/2 cm
And Height of cylinder A = 14 cm
Volume of cylinder A = πr2h
= (22/7 )×(7/2)×(7/2)×14 = 539
Volume of cylinder A is 539 cm3
Now, Diameter of cylinder B = 14 cm
Radius of cylinder B = 14/2 = 7 cm
And Height of cylinder B = 7 cm
Volume of cylinder B = πr2h
= (22/7)×7×7×7 = 1078
Volume of cylinder B is 1078 cm3
Find surface area for cylinders A and B
Surface area of cylinder A = 2πr(r+h )
= 2 x 22/7 x 7/2 x (7/2 + 14) = 385
Surface area of cylinder A is385 cm2
Surface area of cylinder B = 2πr(r+h)
= 2×(22/7)×7(7+7) = 616
Surface area of cylinder B is 616 cm2
Yes, cylinder with greater volume also has greater surface area.
3. Find the height of a cuboid whose base area is 180 cm2 and volume is 900 cm3?
Solution:Given, Base area of cuboid = 180 cm2 and Volume of cuboid = 900 cm3
We know that, Volume of cuboid = lbh
900 = 180×h (substituting the values)
h= 900/180 = 5
Hence the height of cuboid is 5 cm.
4. A cuboid is of dimensions 60 cm×54 cm×30 cm. How many small cubes with side 6 cm can be placed in the given cuboid?
Solution: Given, Length of cuboid, l = 60 cm, Breadth of cuboid, b = 54 cm and
Height of cuboid, h = 30 cm
We know that, Volume of cuboid = lbh = 60 ×54×30 = 97200 cm3
And Volume of cube = (Side)3
= 6×6×6 = 216 cm3
Also, Number of small cubes = volume of cuboid / volume of cube
Hence , required cubes are 450.
5. Find the height of the cylinder whose volume if 1.54 m3 and diameter of the base is 140 cm.
Given: Volume of cylinder = 1.54 m3and Diameter of cylinder = 140 cm
Radius ( r )= d/2 = 140/2 = 70 cm
Volume of cylinder = πr2h
1.54 = (22/7)×0.7×0.7×h
After simplifying, we get the value of h that is
h = (1.54×7)/(22×0.7×0.7)
h = 1
Hence, height of the cylinder is 1 m.
6. A milk tank is in the form of cylinder whose radius is 1.5 m and length is 7 m. Find the quantity of milk in liters that can be stored in the tank.
Solution: Given, Radius of cylindrical tank, r = 1.5 m and Height of cylindrical tank, h = 7 m
Volume of cylindrical tank, V = πr2h
= (22/7)×1.5×1.5 ×7
= 49.5 cm3
= 49.5×1000 liters = 49500 liters[∵ 1 m3= 1000 liters]
Hence, required quantity of milk is 49500 liters.
7. If each edge of a cube is doubled,
(i) how many times will its surface area increase?
(ii) how many times will its volume increase?
Solution:(i) Let the edge of cube be “ l” .
Formula for Surface area of the cube, A = 6 l2
When edge of cube is doubled, then
Surface area of the cube, say A’ = 6(2l)2 = 6×4l2 = 4(6 l2)
A’ = 4A
Hence, surface area will increase by four times.
(ii) Volume of cube, V = l3
When edge of cube is doubled, then
Volume of cube, say V’ = (2l)3 = 8( l3)
V’ = 8×V
Hence, volume will increase 8 times.
8. Water is pouring into a cuboidal reservoir at the rate of 60 liters per minute. If the volume of reservoir is 108 m^3, find the number of hours it will take to fill the reservoir.
Given, volume of reservoir = 108 m3
Rate of pouring water into cuboidal reservoir = 60 liters/minute
= 60/1000 m3per minute
Since 1 liter = (1/1000 )m3
= (60×60)/1000 m3 per hour
Therefore, (60×60)/1000 m3 water filled in reservoir will take = 1 hour
Therefore 1 m3 water filled in reservoir will take = 1000/(60×60) hours
Therefore, 108 m3 water filled in reservoir will take = (108×1000)/(60×60) hours = 30 hours
Answer: It will take 30 hours to fill the reservoir.
Chapter 11 Mensuration, exercise 11.4 talks about the amount of space occupied by a three-dimensional object. Students will learn how to find the volume of Cube, Cuboid, and Cylinder, and the difference between Volume and Capacity. Download and practice NCERT Class 8 Maths Solutions offline and sharpen your skills.