RD Sharma Solutions Class 9 Linear Equation In Two Variables Exercise 13.4

RD Sharma Solutions Class 9 Chapter 13 Exercise 13.4

RD Sharma Class 9 Solutions Chapter 13 Ex 13.4 Download

Q1:  Give the geometric representations of the following equations

 (a) on the number line (b) on the Cartesian plane:

 (i) x = 2  (ii) y + 3 = 0 (iii) y = 3 (iv) 2x + 9 = 0 (v) 3x – 5 = 0

Ans :

(i) We are given, x = 2

The representation of the solution on the number line, when given equation is treated as an equation in one variable.

26

The representation of the solution on the Cartesian plane, it is a line parallel to y axis passing througl-the point (2, 0) is shown below

27

(ii)  We are given, y + 3 = 0

We get, Y = -3

The representation of the solution on the number line, when given equation is treated as an equation in one variable.

28

The representation of the solution on the Cartesian plane, it is a line parallel to x axis passing through the point A(0, —3) is shown below

29

(iii) we are given. y = 3

The representation of the solution on the number line. when given equation is treated as an equation in one variable.

30

The representation of the solution on the Cartesian plane, it is a line parallel to x axis passing through the point (0, 3) is shown below

31

(iv) We are given, 2x +9 = 0

We get,  2x = -9 The representation of the solution on the number line, when given equation is treated as an equation in one variable.

32

The representation of the solution on the Cartesian plane, it is a line parallel to y axis passing through the point ( -9/2,0) is shown below

33

(v) We are given, 3x —5 = 0

We get, 5 x = 3 The representation of the solution on the number line, when given equation is treated as an equation in one variable.

34

The representation of the solution on the Cartesian plane, it is a line parallel to y axis passing througl-the point (5,0) is shown below

35

Q 2 : Give the geometrical representation of 2x + 13 = 0 as an equation in

 (i) one variable (ii) two variables

Ans:

We are given,

2x +13 = 0

We get,

2x = -13

x = -13/2

The representation of the solution on the number line, when given equation is treated as an equation in one variable.

36

The representation of the solution on the Cartesian plane, it is a line parallel to y axis passing through the point (-13/2 , 0) is shown below.

Q3:. Solve the equation 3x + 2 = x – 8, and represent the solution on

(i) the number line (ii) the Cartesian plane.

Ans :      We are given,

3x + 2 = x – 8

we get,

3x – x =  -8 – 2

2x = -10

x = -5

The representation of the solution on the number line, when given equation is treated as an equation in one variable.

36

The representation Of the solution on the Cartesian plane, it is a line parallel to y axis passing through the point (-5, 0) is shown below

38

Q 4:  Write the equation of the line that is parallel to x-axis and passing through the points

 (i) (0,3)                (ii) (0, – 4)            (iii) (2,-5)             (iv) (3,4)

Ans:

(i) We are given the co-ordinates of the Cartesian plane at (0,3).

For the equation of the line parallel to x axis, we assume the equation as a one variable equation

independent of x containing y equal to 3.

We get the equation as y = 3

(ii) We are given the co-ordinates of the Cartesian plane at (0,-4).

For the equation of the line parallel to x axis, we assume the equation as a one variable equation

Independent of x containing y equal to -4.

We get the equation as y = -4

(iii) We are given the co-ordinates of the Cartesian plane at (2,-5).

For the equation of the line parallel to x axis, we assume the equation as a one variable equation

independent of x containing y equal to -5.

We get the equation as y = -5

(iv) We are given the co-ordinates of the Cartesian plane at (3,4).

For the equation of the line parallel to x axis, we assume the equation as a one variable equation

independent of x containing y equal to 4.

We get the equation as

y = 4

Q 5 : Write the equation of the line that is parallel to y-axis and passing through the Points

 (i) (4,0)                                (ii) (-2,0)             (iii) (3,5)             (iv) (- 4, – 3)

Ans:

(i) We are given the coordinates of the Cartesian plane at (4,0)-

For the equation of the line parallel to y axis ,we assume the equation as a one variable equation

independent of y containing x equal to 4

We get the equation as y = 3

(ii) We are given the coordinates of the Cartesian plane at (-2,0) –

For the equation of the line parallel to y axis, we assume the equation as a one variable equation

independent of y containing x equal to -2

We get the equation as y = -4

(iii) We are given the coordinates of the Cartesian plane at (3,5)-

For the equation of the line parallel to y axis, we assume the equation as a one variable equation

independent of y containing x equal to 3

We get the equation as y = -5

(iv) We are given the coordinates of the Cartesian plane at (-4,-3)-

For the equation of the line parallel to y axis, we assume the equation as a one variable equation

independent of y containing x equal to -4

We get the equation as y = 4